Top 14 Chicken Diseases, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatments

Major Chicken Diseases, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatments

Major Chicken Diseases, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatments

Poultry can get sick from various bacteria, viruses and parasites. However, unlike dogs and cats, poultry are considered food animals and therefore the range of treatments available is very limited. For example, there are strict rules for the use of antibiotics in poultry which is also considered as an important medicine in humans to reduce the resistance to viruses.
Because of this fact, treating your chickens for infectious diseases can be difficult. Therefore, the best goal is to prevent the disease from entering the herd in the first place. By following some disease prevention measures before and after a new flock or bird arrives, you can reduce the chance of a flock becoming infected and the severity and consequences of disease. 


Chicken Diseases, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatments

1 Newcastle disease 

newcastle disease

Cause: Newcastle disease is an infectious disease that causes respiratory disease in chickens and other birds. This disease is transmitted to other birds, including wild animals. If you touch an infected bird, you can spread it through clothes, shoes and other things.
Symptoms: This disease also occurs through the respiratory system. You will start to experience breathing problems, runny noses, and their eyes will start to become red. And they stop crying. The bird's legs and wings were paralyzed, and its voice was hoarse.
Prevention and Treatment: Older birds usually recover and are no longer carriers. However, many chicks will die from the disease.

2. Fowl Pox

Fowl Pox


Cause: The cause of this disease is a virus called Avipox. The disease can be transmitted from the carrier to other poultry through wounds or spread the virus even in nearby poultry houses. 

Symptoms: Chickens develop white patches on their skin, brown spots on their combs, white spots on the mouth or trachea. And they stop crying.

 Prevention and treatment: Give them soft food and give them a warm and dry place to try to recover. With proper care, chances are your bird can survive this disease. There are vaccines that can prevent healthy birds from contracting the disease. Otherwise, other infected birds can spread the disease, mosquitoes and it can be transmitted through the air.

3. Quail disease 

. Quail disease


Cause: Clostridium colinum, an infectious bacterium, is the cause of the disease. The disease spreads through the droppings of sick birds or is transferred to healthy birds. The pathogen is highly resistant to infectious agents and will persist in a variety of environmental conditions.
Symptoms: Birds in advanced condition may die suddenly while still in good health, while chronic birds become listless, with downy feathers, white watery diarrhea, and - grow up. Infected birds often die in severe conditions.
Prevention and treatment: Seek professional advice if you suspect infection. Bacitracin and penicillin are the most effective drugs in the treatment and prevention of this disease. If bacitracin is used, add to feed at a rate of up to 200 grams per ton of feed. Adding bacitracin to water at a rate of one teaspoon per gallon helps control outbreaks. Each dose of bacitracin will control the disease within two weeks unless bacitracin-resistant strains are present. Penicillin is also used to treat the disease if bacitracin does not work. Bird netting is an effective deterrent


4. botulism 



Causes: This is a disease caused by ingesting a toxin produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum. All domestic animals and many wild birds are sensitive to poison. If your chickens have contracted this disease, it means that there is already some kind of dead meat around their food and contaminated water.
Symptoms: The chicken starts shaking continuously. The shock will progress to total paralysis that includes their breathing. You will also notice that their wings will be easily pulled and death will usually occur within hours.

 Prevention and treatment: There is an antitoxin that can be obtained from a veterinarian. If you detect the disease in time enough, you can mix 1 teaspoon of Epsom salt in 30 mil of hot water. Feed the bird through the dropper once a day. This disease is preventable as long as you keep your chickens in a clean environment and clean up any dead bodies in their environment. 


5. Cholera 




Cause: The causative agent of avian cholera is Pasteurella multocida. Avian cholera can be contracted from wildlife or food and water contaminated with this parasite.
Symptoms: The bird begins to have green or yellow diarrhea and obvious joint pain. They also have trouble breathing and have a dark head or wattle.
Prevention and Treatment: There is no effective treatment. If your chicken survives, it will still carry the disease. Therefore, it is best to kill them and destroy their bodies to prevent the spread. However, there are vaccines for your chickens to prevent the disease. Cholera.
Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bronchitis

Cause: This disease is caused by the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV).
Chicken begins to cough, sneeze and cough. And then, the drainage will begin to flow from the nose to their eyes. Pregnancy will also stop.

 Prevention and Treatment: You can get vaccines to prevent this disease from affecting your chickens. However, if you decide not to use the vaccine, self-exclude as soon as you notice symptoms of the disease. Infectious bronchitis is a viral infection and spreads easily through the air. To treat infectious bronchitis, give your chicken a warm, dry place to recover. Hot herbal tea and food with fresh herbs can help.
7. Infectious Coryza 

Infectious Coryza


Cause: This disease is caused by a bacterium called Hemophilus gallinarum. Disease is usually caused by introducing infected or infected birds into the flock. It can also be transmitted through contaminated water and contaminated materials.
Redness of the head. Their eyes will really pop out, their claws will swell. Then the crack will start flowing from their eyes and nose. They will stop laying eggs and have water under their wings.

Prevention and treatment
: Unfortunately, there is no vaccine to stop this disease. Once your chickens are infected, they should be killed and buried or burned. Otherwise, they will continue to carry the disease for life, which poses a risk to the rest of your herd. Protect your chickens from other chickens and keep them watered with clean water to prevent disease.

8. Mark's disease 

Mark's disease


Cause: Marek's disease is a virus caused by the herpes virus. In fact, they catch the virus by breathing in the skin and feathers from infected chickens. This disease is easy for them to catch.
Symptoms: This is most common in young birds that are less than 20 weeks old. Tumors start to grow inside or outside your baby's uterus. Their irises turn gray and no longer react to light. They become paralyzed.
Prevention and treatment
: If your chicken contracts this disease, it should be culled. He will continue to carry the disease for life if he lives. However, you can give the chicks a daily vaccine to prevent disease. 


9. Thrust



Cause: It is a fungal infection caused by the yeast Candida albicans. Symptoms: White matter, flowing in their culture. The chicken will look boring and have a warm atmosphere. And their feathers will be like paralysis. It is important to mention that thrush is a fungal disease. This means that it can be contracted if you allow your chickens to eat moldy food or other moldy foods. They can also get the disease from contaminated water or surfaces.
Prevention and Treatment
: Although there is no vaccine, it can be treated with antifungal medications that you can get from your veterinarian. Be sure to remove bad food and clean their water tank.


10. Bumble foot


Bumble foot

Cause: This disease is acquired when a wound on a chicken's leg becomes infected. The chicken may accidentally cut its leg on something; by digging in the garden, clearing the mulch and many other ways. Symptoms: This is a leg ulcer.
Prevention and Treatment: Bumblebee feet can happen quickly and there isn't much you can do to prevent it other than keeping an eye on your chicken's feet. If you notice a cut on your leg, wash and clean it to prevent infection.

11. Air sac disease 

Air sac disease


Cause: The cause is something called Mycoplasma gallisepticum.
Symptoms: The disease starts by laying eggs in weak chickens. As it progresses coughing, sneezing, breathing problems, swollen joints and finally death.
Prevention and treatment: There are vaccines. It can be treated with antibiotics from your vet. It can spread from bird to bird, so be on the lookout for any of these symptoms so they can be treated quickly and effectively.


12. Mushy Chick

Mushy Chick

This is an infectious disease due to improper closure of the navel. This can often be attributed to improper handling, poor hygiene, or extreme heat shortly after exposure.
Symptoms: Usually, the disease appears in newly hatched chicks with an enlarged, inflamed, blue midsection. The chick will smell bad and look sleepy. Naturally, the chicken will also be strong.

 Prevention and treatment: There is no vaccine for this disease, but sometimes antibiotics can work. It is usually spread from chick to chicken or from dirty surfaces where an infected chick is. It is usually transmitted through unsanitary conditions where the bacteria is transmitted by a weak chick. The best practice is to separate birds from sick birds when there is an illness.


 13. pollurum

. pollurum



: The cause is a bacteria called Salmonella pullorum. These are primarily transmitted through eggs, but transmission can occur through other means. It can be spread through contaminated surfaces and other birds become infected.

 Symptoms: The effects of the disease on chicks and adult birds are different. The chicks show no signs of labor and have white eggs all over their backs and show signs of respiratory distress. Some will die without any symptoms. However, in older birds, you will see him moaning and coughing in the wrong area.

 Prevention and treatment: There is no vaccine for this disease. Any infected bird must be slaughtered and its carcass burned or buried to prevent other animals from contracting the disease.


 14. Avian influenza

Avian influenza


Cause: Also known as bird flu, this is one of my first fears about having chickens because all you hear on the news is how people get sick from bird flu. their chickens. However, when you know the symptoms, you will be able to stop the fear.
You need to know what to do quickly if you think your backyard bird has gotten into it.

 Symptoms: Signs include breathing problems and the bird will stop laying eggs. They develop diarrhea. There may be swelling of the chicken's face and the crest and wattle may have cracked or turned blue. They may even develop red spots on their legs and on their skin. 

Prevention and treatment: There is no vaccine and infected chickens will always be carriers. Wild animals can even spread the disease from bird to bird. Once your bird has contracted the disease, it must be euthanized and its carcass burned or buried. You have to clear all the places where the birds are before introducing new machines. Be very careful because this disease can make people sick


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