15 best foods for people with kidney disease and what to avoid

15 best foods for people with kidney disease and what to avoid

Researchers are increasingly discovering links between chronic disease, inflammation and certain whole foods that can prevent or protect against unwanted fatty acid oxidation, a condition that occurs when your body's oxygen supply -react with fatty acids. Oxidation is a normal process of energy production and many chemical reactions in the body, but excessive oxidation of fats and cholesterol produces molecules called "free radicals" that can damage proteins, cell membranes, and tissues. . Heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and other chronic and degenerative diseases have been linked to oxidative damage.
Foods with antioxidants can help neutralize free radicals and protect the body. Many foods that protect against oxidation are included in the kidney diet and are a good choice for dialysis patients or people with chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is important for people with kidney disease to eat antioxidant-rich foods as part of their kidney diet and to work with a kidney dieter, as they experience more inflammation and a higher risk of heart disease. 

15 best foods for people with kidney disease

1. Red bell pepper

1/2 cup red pepper = 1 mg sodium,

 88 mg potassium, 

10 mg phosphorus
Red bell papers are low in potassium and very sweet, but that's not the only reason why they are good for kidney nutrition. These delicious vegetables are also a good source of vitamins C and A, as well as vitamin B6, folate and fiber. Red peppers are good for your health because they contain lycopene, an antioxidant that helps protect against certain cancers.

 Eat red peppers as an appetizer or side dish, or toss them in a tuna or chicken salad. You can also eat peppers and use them as a topping on sandwiches or lettuce salads, cut them for omelets, put them on skewers on the grill, or add peppers to turkey or ground beef and cook them for flavor.

 2. Cabbage
1/2 cup serving green cabbage = 6 mg sodium,

 60 mg potassium,

 9 mg phosphorus
Cruciferous vegetables, cabbage is full of phytochemicals, chemical compounds found in fruits or vegetables, that break down free radicals before they can cause damage. Many phytochemicals are also known to help protect cells from damage that can lead to cancer, as well as support heart health.
Rich in vitamin K, vitamin C and fiber, cabbage is also a good source of vitamin B6 and folic acid. Low in potassium and cheap, it is an inexpensive supplement in kidney diet.

Raw cabbage makes a great addition to dialysis meals, like coleslaw or as a topping for fish tacos. You can bake it, microwave it or boil it, add butter or cream cheese and pepper or caraway seeds and serve as a side. Cabbage rolls made from turkey are a great meal, but if you're feeling fancy, you can add cabbage to roast meat and bake it in the oven for a delicious and nutritious meal. the body. 

3. Cauliflower
1/2 cup of cooked cauliflower = 9 mg sodium,

 88 mg potassium,

 20 mg phosphorus.
Another cruciferous vegetable, cauliflower is rich in vitamin C and is a good source of folate and fiber. It is also full of indoles, glucosinolates, and thiocyanates, compounds that help the liver neutralize toxins that can damage cell membrane and DNA.
Serve it raw as a crudité and dip, add it to a salad, or steam or cook it with seasonings and spices like turmeric, curry powder, pepper, and herbs. You can also make a white sauce without milk, pour it on the cauliflower and bake it until it is soft. You can combine cauliflower with pasta or even cauliflower mash to replace mashed potatoes in the dialysis diet.

 4. Garlic
1 clove of garlic = 1 mg sodium, 

12 mg potassium, 4 mg phosphorus
Garlic has antimicrobial properties that help prevent plaque formation, lower cholesterol, and reduce inflammation. Buy it fresh, bottled, chopped or powdered and add it to meat, vegetables or pasta dishes. You can also eat a head of garlic and sprinkle it on bread. Garlic gives a sweet flavor and garlic salt in the dialysis diet.


5. Onions
1/2 cup onion = 3 mg sodium,

 116 mg potassium, 3 mg phosphorus
Onion, a member of the Allium family and a fragrant ingredient in many cooking dishes, contains sulfur compounds that give it its aroma. Besides making some people cry, onions are also rich in flavonoids, including quercetin, a powerful antioxidant that can reduce heart disease and protect against many cancers. Onions contain little potassium, and are a good source of chromium, a mineral that contributes to the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. 

Try using a variety of onions, including white, brown, red and others. Eat raw onions in burgers, sandwiches and salads, or cook them and use them as a caramelized condiment. If you have an air fryer, you can also try making homemade onion rings. Add onions to recipes like Italian beef with peppers and onions. 

6. Apple
1 half apple with skin = 0 sodium, 

158 mg potassium, 10 mg phosphorus
Apples can help reduce cholesterol, prevent constipation, protect against heart disease, and reduce the risk of cancer. High in fiber and anti-inflammatory compounds, an apple a day can help keep the doctor away: good news for people with kidney disease who have had their share of doctor visits.
This kidney dish winner can be combined with the first dish for you, onions, to create a special apple and onion omelette. Apples are different. You can eat them powdered, make apple fritters, bake them, make apple juice with them, or drink them in the form of apple juice or apple cider. 

7. Cranberry

1/2 cup of cranberry juice = 3 mg sodium, 

22 mg potassium, 3 mg phosphorus
1/4 cup cranberry sauce = 35 mg sodium, 

17 mg potassium, 6 mg phosphorus
1/2 cup of dried cranberries = 2 mg sodium, 24 mg potassium, and 5 mg phosphorus
These sweet and savory fruits can protect against bladder infections by preventing bacteria from sticking to the bladder wall. Likewise, cranberries can protect the gut against ulcer-causing bacteria and improve overall bacterial health, thereby promoting gut health. Cranberries have also been shown to help protect against cancer and heart disease.

 Cranberry juice and cranberry sauce are the most popular cranberry products. You can also add dried cranberries to salads or have them as a snack. 

8. Blueberries
1/2 cup fresh blueberries = 4 mg sodium, 

65 mg potassium, 7 mg phosphorus
Blueberries are rich in antioxidant phytonutrients called "anthocyanidins," which give them their blue color, and are full of natural compounds that help reduce inflammation. Blueberries are a good source of vitamin C, manganese (which keeps your bones healthy), and fiber. They can also help protect the brain from some of the effects of aging. Antioxidants in blueberries and other tomatoes can help reduce bone loss.
Buy fresh, frozen or dried blueberries and try them in cereal or add them to the flour in a fruit smoothie. You can also drink blueberry juice.

9. Raspberries

1/2 cup serving raspberries = 0 mg sodium,

 93 mg potassium, 7 mg phosphorus 

Raspberries contain a phytonutrient called "ellagic acid" that helps eliminate free radicals in the body to prevent cell damage. They also contain flavonoids called "anthocyanins", antioxidants that give them their red color. A good source of manganese, vitamin C, fiber and folate, vitamin B, raspberries can contain substances that inhibit the growth of cancer cells and the formation of tumors.
Add raspberries to cereal, puree and sweeten them to make a dessert sauce, or add them to a salad dressing. 

10. Strawberries
1/2 cup fresh strawberries (5 medium) = 1 mg sodium,

 120 mg potassium, 13 mg phosphorus
Strawberries are rich in two types of phenols: anthocyanins and ellagitannins. Anthocyanins give strawberries their red color and are powerful antioxidants that help protect the body's cellular components and prevent oxidative damage. Strawberries are a good source of vitamin C and manganese, as well as a good source of fiber. They can provide cardiovascular protection, as well as anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties.
Eat strawberries in cereals, smoothies and salads, or cut them up and serve them fresh or put them in a smoothie. If you want more dessert, you can make strawberry pudding or sorbet, or puree and sweeten them for dessert.

11. Cherries
1/2 cup fresh sweet cherries = 0 mg sodium, 160 mg potassium, 15 mg phosphorus
Cherries have been shown to reduce inflammation when eaten daily. They are full of antioxidants and phytochemicals that help protect the heart. Eat fresh cherries as a snack or make cherry sauce to serve with lamb or pork. Cherry juice is another delicious way to eat. 

12. Red grapes
1/2 cup red grapes = 1 mg sodium, 

88 mg potassium, 4 mg phosphorus
Red grapes contain many flavonoids that give them their red color. Flavonoids help protect against heart disease by preventing oxidation and reducing blood clotting. Resveratrol, a flavonoid found in grapes, can also stimulate the production of nitric oxide, which helps relax nerve cells in blood vessels and improve blood flow. These flavonoids also provide protection against cancer and help prevent inflammation.
Buy grapes with red or purple skin because they have a high anthocyanin content. Keep them to eat as a snack or to quench the thirst of those who have water restriction due to dialysis treatment. Add grapes to fruit salad or chicken salad. Try a special kidney recipe for turkey kebabs made from grapes. You can also drink them like grape juice.

 13. White eggs
2 egg whites = 7 grams of protein, 110 mg of sodium, 108 mg of potassium, 10 mg of phosphorus.
Egg white is a pure protein and provides high quality protein that contains all the essential amino acids. For kidney nutrition, egg whites provide protein with less phosphorus than other protein sources such as egg yolk or meat.
Buy egg whites, fresh or pasteurized. Make egg white omelets or sandwiches, add pasteurized egg whites to smoothies or shakes, make egg whites, or add hard-boiled egg whites to tuna salad or garden salad to add extra protein.

14. Fish
3 ounces of wild salmon = 50 mg sodium, 368 mg potassium, 274 mg phosphorus.
Fish provides high protein and contains anti-inflammatory fats called omega-3. The healthy fats in fish can help fight diseases such as heart disease and cancer. Omega-3 also helps reduce low-density lipoprotein or LDL cholesterol, which is bad cholesterol, and increase high-density lipoprotein or HDL cholesterol, which is good cholesterol. 

The American Heart Association1 and the American Diabetes Association2 recommend eating fish at least twice a week. Fish rich in omega-3 include whitefish, striped bass, herring, mackerel, rainbow trout and salmon. 1 American Heart Association: Fish and Omega-3 Fatty Acids
2 American Diabetes Association: Superstar Diabetes Foods .

15. Olive oil
1 tablespoon olive oil = less than 1 mg sodium, less than 1 mg potassium, 0 mg phosphorus
Olive oil is a good source of oleic acid, an anti-inflammatory fatty acid. The monounsaturated fats in olive oil help protect against oxidation. Olive oil is rich in polyphenols and antioxidant compounds that prevent inflammation and oxidation. Studies have shown that people who use more olive oil than other oils have lower rates of heart disease and cancer.
Buy extra virgin or virgin olive oil as it is rich in antioxidants. Use olive oil in cooking, to make salad dressing, to dip bread or for marinating vegetables.

Talk to a kidney nutritionist about including the 15 best kidney foods in your healthy diet. Keep in mind that these foods are good for everyone, including family members and friends who do not have kidney disease or are not on dialysis. Stocking your kitchen with delicious, healthy kidney foods is an important step in helping you manage your kidney health.

 Foods to avoid


There are many foods that people should avoid if they want to improve the health of their kidneys or prevent damage to these organs.
These include the following:

Food rich in phosphorus
Too much phosphorus can put stress on the kidneys. Studies have shown that there is a link between high phosphorus intake and the risk of long-term kidney damage.
However, there is not enough evidence to show that phosphorus causes this damage. Therefore, further research is needed on this topic. For those looking to reduce their phosphorus intake, phosphorus-rich foods include:

 milk products


 most grains 





Red meat

Certain types of protein can be difficult for the kidneys, or the body in general, to process. These include red meat. Early research has shown that people who eat red meat are at a higher risk of kidney disease at the end of time than those who eat less red meat. However, more studies are needed to evaluate this risk.


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