How does a rooster fertilize an Egg

 A hen's egg is generally not hatched if it is laid in the absence of a rooster. In order for a chicken to lay a fertilized egg, it needs a rooster. The cock and the hen are responsible for the production of fertilized eggs. If you want to expand or maintain the size of your flock, or if you want to sell fertilized eggs, you will need a rooster and you must ensure that your hen and rooster will marry. In this article, we explain how you can make your chicken's eggs do well and the techniques that surround it.

 The Chicken Courtship Ritual

Although roosters are eager to mate almost at any time, their reproductive potential rises in the spring, because this corresponds to the beginning of the laying season. chicken. At this time, they can show the process of sexual intercourse.



Tidbitting is the act of the rooster finding a food treat and showing it to the hen. He may not agree immediately, but he will remember the good behavior of the rooster.


 Rooster Dance:

Rooster Dance:

 Rooster can also dance to attract a woman. A chicken drops a feather on the ground (away from the chicken) and circles around it. As he approaches the rear of the hen, he will attempt to enter and mate.

 In some cases, there is no mating or ritual, and mating between a rooster and a hen can be violent, leaving the female injured. Because roosters are more likely to reproduce than hens, it is important to ensure that your flock has more hens than roosters. In this way, his eyes are divided between many hens instead of one. Most backyard farms keep one rooster for every ten hens.

 Dominant Roosters

Chickens have a pecking order, but the best roosters are always on top of pecking order. It will repel the interest of other roosters, which can lead to anger and fighting. As she submits to the cock the two cocks will run and start their time.
Dominant roosters do not allow other roosters in their territory to mate with hens; However, hens that are raised together usually grow together, they do not mind each other's presence, and they will not stop mating with the hen in their territory.

A hen's assess roosters according to their ability to care for the flock, provide food, and protect other roosters. Large combs and wattles are also considered very attractive for females. If a hen doesn't like a rooster, she won't always mate with him, even if he's the only rooster in the coop.

Although the rooster is usually heavier and stronger than the hen, the hen can be aggressive at times and hold her own in order. He may fight with the rooster and not allow him to have sex with him.



Even with a good male/female ratio, it's not unusual for a rooster to have a favorite hen or two - which he returns to impress the rest of the flock. These chickens can be overdone. They can damage the skin and show loss of feathers on the back and neck. Chicken saddle can be added to favorites to prevent this damage from occurring.

How do Chicken Mate?


How do Chicken Mate- preparing

The mating process is fast. Once the courtship is over, the roaster will jump on the hen's back. If a female is complianct, she will squat and drop her head off her body. By spreading his wings, he shows his will. The male will walk to help her regain her balance and often hold the woman's neck to stabilize her balance.

 The cloacal kiss

The cloacal kiss

Once the rooster is in position, he lowers his tail and gives kisses. Chickens do not have penis, but a bump inside the cloaca called a papilla. This deliver the sperm. The hen will stretch her cloaca to get the sperm. The female body can store sperm for two to three weeks. This means that the female's eggs laid at this time will be fertilized. Interestingly, this is usually the length of time a hen needs to be sure before she goes broody.

Once the mating process is over, the rooster usually leaves, the hens mate and move on.

At what age does the rooster start mating?

Rooster usually reach sexual maturity between four and five months. At this time, they will produce sperm and begin to make a cock. The amount of sperm they produce decreases with age, but roosters remain active for many years. Their fertility begins to decline after 50 weeks.

Why do chickens run before mating? 

Sometimes, when a hen doesn't want to mate, she runs away. Chickens can chase it, so several chickens are recommended for each rooster. A rooster is often more willing to mate than a hen deem necessary.

How many times can a rooster mate in a day?

 Roosters are highly virile birds. They can produce between millions of sperm and almost always once they are mature, and the production of new sperm rarely changes. A typical hen can mate between 10 and 20 times a day.

How do you know if a rooster has fertilized an Egg

Candling an eggs that have been incubated for at least 4 to 5 days is a common way to determine viability. Allow the egg to incubate for about 4 days, take it to a dark room and shine a light under the large end of the egg. If it is fertile, you can see a dark area surrounded by veins. Otherwise, you will only see the round shape of the yolk.

Candling is done on days 4, 10 and 17 to check that the embryo is developing. This method is called candles because candles are a traditional method, although today chicken keepers often use bright lights or special light. 


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